Directed Energy Systems Symposium
25-29 September 2017 Monterey, California



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PIBM Workshop

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Workshop and Short Courses

The Power in the Bucket Metric Workshop and these short courses are being offered on 25 September 2017 in conjunction with the 2017 Directed Energy Systems Symposium in Monterey, California. Continuing Education Unit (CEU) credits are awarded for completion of the short courses but not the workshop.

The workshop and all of these courses are taught at the Unclassified, Limited Distribution D level: participation is restricted to U.S. citizens who are employees of the U.S. Department of Defense or its contractors.

Complimentary registration for the workshop is available on the Symposium registration page, but registration will also be available on site. Registration for the short courses requires payment of a fee.

See also Course Registration & Fees at the end of this page.

    Morning Courses

  1. Introduction to the DoD Test & Evaluation Process

  2. Laser Deconfliction

  3. Systems Engineering for Directed Energy Systems

    Afternoon Courses

  1. Active Denial Applications

  2. HPM Modeling and Simulation Tools for Test & Evaluation

  3. Modeling & Simulation Verification, Validation & Accreditation

  4. Tools for Transitioning Technology

  5. Wargaming Course Cancelled

Morning Workshop  Power In the Bucket Metric

Classification: Unclassified, Limited Distribution D

Instructor: Jack Slater

Duration: One-hour workshop, starts at 1030

CEUs awarded: 0.0

Course Description: Power in the bucket metric (PIBM) is the DoD Standard for measuring and reporting laser system beam quality. This workshop will provide an overview and discussion of the new DOD PIBM beam quality measurement technique, and put it in context with other commonly used methods.

Intended Audience: This one-hour workshop is intended for any member of the DE community wanting an understanding of PIBM. Registration is complimentary for any 2017 Directed Energy Systems Symposium registrant.

Instructor Biography: Dr. Jack Slater joined Schafer Corporation (now Belcan) in 2002 and presently leads the Schafer team providing technical support to the HEL JTO. He is closely connected to JTO’s high power solid state laser programs, including the now completed RELI and JHPSSL development efforts. He contributed to development of HEL testing protocols and has participated in most of the DOD HEL solid state laser tests since 2005. He received his Ph.D. in atomic physics from the University of Colorado and is a DEPS Fellow.

Course 1.  Introduction to the DoD Test & Evaluation Process

Classification: Unclassified, Limited Distribution D

Instructor: Harry Sinsheimer, HEL JTO

Duration: Half-day course, starts at 0800

CEUs awarded: 0.35

Course Description: This course discusses the fundamentals of testing DoD systems, with an emphasis on directed energy systems. Topics include:

  • Overview of Defense Acquisition System
  • Where do we start? - Good requirements
  • The role of the Systems Engineering process
  • Test Planning - when and what do we do it?
    • Test Development Strategy
    • Test & Evaluation Master Plan
    • Role of Test Lead manager
  • Types of testing/when started/finished
    • Developmental Testing
    • Initial Operational T&E
    • Live Fire T&E
  • Test execution and reporting
  • Directed energy testing issues
    • Instrumentation
    • Safety
    • Training
    • Best practices and lessons learned
    • Some important test parameters of laser systems

Intended Audience: While the primary audience for the course remains DoD staff, DEPS shares the course broadly, not as a blueprint, but in a spirit of collegiality and an interest in contributing to others' efforts and continuing our collective dialogue about Directed Energy. As a basic introduction to T&E, it is suitable for personnel in other technical acquisition management and program management positions who want to understand more about T&E and the critical role it plays in DE system acquisition.

Instructor Biography: Harry Sinsheimer serves as the Deputy Director to the High Energy Laser Joint Technology Office since February 2017. As the Deputy Director, Harry's expertise, knowledge, and skills including an understanding of laser technology, directed energy weapons, test and evaluation, financial management, logistics, program analysis, organizational and force structure will advocate, develop and execute a High Energy Laser investment strategy that builds on existing programs while exploiting promising new technology developments for High Energy Laser weapon system applications. Prior to this role Harry was a business consultant helping small scale companies build strong functional organizations while implementing strategic planning, programming, and progressive execution of tasks and business processes. Harry's 34 year government career included serving as Technical Advisor and Program Manager on several Missile Defense Agency's Advanced Laser and Sensor projects after serving a wide range of roles and responsibilities on the Airborne Laser Program, cradle to grave, from 1995 to 2012 gaining valuable experience on laser weapon systems. Harry earned a Master's Degree in Project Management from Penn State Erie, the Behrend College in 2006 and earned a Master's Degree in Business Administration from the University of New Mexico - Robert O. Anderson School of Management in 1999.

Course 2.  Laser Deconfliction

Classification: Unclassified, Limited Distribution D

    -  LeAnn Brasure, Schafer
    -  Heather Witts, JFCC SPACE/J95

Duration: Half-day course, runs 0800-1200

CEUs awarded: 0.35

Course Description: This course is intended to teach the "Why, Who, What, How and What's New" of Laser Deconfliction (LD) - the process by which assets are protected from accidental illumination by lasers. Predictive Avoidance (PA), protecting space assets and Airspace Deconfliction (AD), protecting air assets, will also be covered in the course. As the AD process is not as mature as the PA process, it will not be covered in as much detail.

PA and AD are critical pieces of the testing process for DoD and NSF laser systems and a knowledgeable and proactive approach by the testing organization can maximize test windows and minimize frustration. The course is also intended to help the laser community work together in this area and provide a consistent source of information on current issues, capabilities developed by other groups, and what's in store for the future. The course has recently been updated to include the Navy's recent development of a hybrid safety system and QRC deployment. The goal of this course is to familiarize the student with the reasons behind PA, the process for working with the Laser Clearing House (LCH) as well as tools and points of contact available to hopefully simplify and clarify the process. In addition, the course will cover efforts in the community to standardize the process and make the safety requirements more in line with current probabilistic risk assessment methodology.

Topics to be covered include:

  • Intro (who, what, where, when, how)
  • Policy - Defining the environment, present and future
  • Implementation - How do we keep assets safe
  • How do we identify risks, to include tools available

Intended Audience: Anyone who is currently involved or anticipates involvement in laser testing will benefit from this course. Test planners and managers as well as those technically involved with the testing are welcome.

Instructor Biographies: Heather Witts is the DE Engineer for the JFCC SPACE/JSpOC. In that role she advises JFCC SPACE and laser programs in carrying out the Laser Clearinghouse mission. She was accepted into the Navy Nuclear Propulsion Officer Candidate (NuPOC) Program in 2001 and graduated from Luther College with a BA in Math and Physics in May 2003. She received her commission in December 2003, completed sea tours on USS IWO JIMA and USS DWIGHT D EISENHOWER, and passed the nuclear engineers exam. In August 2008, then LT Lehmann reported to JFCC SPACE/J95 at Vandenberg AFB as Deputy Chief of the Directed Energy Branch where she spent most of her time dedicated to carrying out the LCH mission. In late 2010 she transitioned out of the active force, into the Navy Reserves, and became an AF civilian - remaining in a similar position at JFCC SPACE. She obtained a Masters Degree in Engineering Management and was married in 2011. Ms. Witts is primarily responsible for deconfliction related policy, new implementation strategies, and deconfliction related technology.

LeAnn Brasure works for Schafer Corporation supporting the HEL JTO as part of their technical team. She graduated from the University of Michigan with a BS in Physics and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Air Force. She obtained her Masters Degree in nuclear physics through the Air Force Institute of Technology and retired from the Air Force after 24 years of active duty service. During her active duty time she had assignments including WSMC (Vandenberg AFB), AFTAC (Patrick AFB) as well as a physics instructor at the Air Force Academy. She began to focus on solid state lasers during her assignment as an AFRL Laboratory Representative at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Her last assignment was with AFRL at Kirtland AFB as the Solid State Laser Branch Chief. Her role as a part of the HEL JTO team is to monitor current technology projects and help define new technology development programs such as the JTO's Predictive Avoidance and Airspace Deconfliction effort. In addition, she has recently begun work on inernational agreements, helping the JTO craft multi-service "purple" agreements to facilitate international collaboration.

Course 3.  Systems Engineering for Directed Energy Systems

Classification: Unclassified, Limited Distribution D

Instructor: Bill Decker, Defense Acquisition University

Duration: Half-day course, runs 0800-1200

CEUs awarded: 0.35

Course Description: This course is designed to provide a better understanding the DoD Systems Engineering Process and align DE programs to it, to increase their likelihood of fielding to the Warfighter. At the end of the course, attendees will be better able to direct their programs such that they are consistent with the DoD SE processes and can integrate smoothly with existing and future DoD weapons systems. The course will cover the DoD Systems Engineering Process throughout the Lifecycle.

Topics include:

  • SE and Requirements/User Interaction
  • Systems Architecture and its application to DE Systems
  • Systems Engineering in the Technology Demonstration Phase
    • Government Role (S&T and Acquisition Staffs)
    • Contractor Role
    • For Systems and Sub-systems
  • SE at the Preliminary Design Review/Milestone B
  • SE at the Critical Design Review
  • Testing and SE
  • Sustainment and SE

Intended Audience: Program managers and engineers involved in the development of directed energy technology and/or directed energy systems. No specific technical expertise is required as a pre-requisite, just a general understanding of DE systems.

Instructor Biography: Mr. Decker is currently the Director, Technology Transition Learning Center of Excellence, Defense Acquisition University and concurrently is a Professor of Engineering Management. His experience includes over 35 years in electro-optics with ten years experience in high energy laser systems, including THEL, ABL, ATL, HELLADS and HELTD, all while employed by Brashear (a division of L-3 Communications) in Pittsburgh, PA. Mr. Decker holds a MS in Physics from the Naval Postgraduate School and a BS in Engineering from Cornell University. He currently consults for Heraeus Quartzglass America in addition to his DAU efforts.

Course 4.  Active Denial Applications

Classification: Unclassified, Limited Distribution D

Instructor: David B. Law, U.S. Marine Corps

Duration: Half-day course, runs 1300-1700

CEUs awarded: 0.35

Course Description: One of the first overarching tutorials available on the bioeffects, hardware, and employment concepts behind a very proven Directed Energy capability that is on the verge of transition out of the research arena. Upon completion, the student should understand: 1) the bioeffects of the Active Denial weapon capability 95 GHz non-lethal directed energy beam and the AFRL scientific research that verifies the safety and effectiveness of the beam, 2) the technology that produces the effect, including hardware, software, beam profile, and relationships such as spot size and range which ultimately drive the scaling potential, 3) how the Active Denial capability may be employed by military force (in both ground and airborne configurations), the military utility, and legalities associated with employment.

Topics include:

  • Bioeffects (history, specific research studies and results, safety thresholds, prohibitions)
  • Technology (history, basic hardware/software, beam geometry and profile, future technical requirements)
  • Operational Use (proven military utility, useful characteristics, and mission enhancements; limitations; countermeasures; policy and legal application)

Intended Audience: Both Government (civilian and military) and industry: project managers, operational testers, and scientific/technical. Technical/scientific education not required, but desirable. Moderate experience level assumed.

Instructor Biography: Mr. David B. Law, USMC, currently serves as the Technology Division Chief for the Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Directorate (JNLWD) and is responsible for: (1) the cost, schedule, and project performance of ~ 50+ JNLWD annual projects; (2) technical and financial program monitoring, execution, and oversight of 50+ JNLWD Science and Technology projects/budgets per year; (3) supervision, mentoring and technical oversight of 10+ officers of primary responsibility and technical monitors of these 50+ projects; and (4) on a weekly basis provide both written and oral technical assessments, evaluations, and recommendations on project “health” of these programs and the “sate” of technology development of all the programs managed by the JNLWD to the JNLWD Deputy Director, the JNLWD Director, the JNLWP Joint Coordination Integration Group (JCIG O-6’s), and the JNLWP Integration Product Team (SESs and O-7’s). Duties also include performing technical and programmatic oversight of the joint development of the DoD’s next-generation non-lethal weapons in support of the escalation of force in traditional and irregular warfare missions and the supervision of the JNLWD technical team of scientists and engineers as well as over 200+ Service-lab Program Managers and Principal Investigators.

Course 5.  HPM Modeling and Simulation Tools for Test & Evaluation: Test Hazard Prediction and Target Surrogate Materials

Classification: Unclassified, Limited Distribution D

    -  J Mark DelGrande
    -  Grady Patterson

Day/Time: Half-day course, runs 1300-1700

CEUs awarded: 0.35

Course Description: The Directed Energy Test & Evaluation Capability (DETEC) has developed two software tools to facilitate High Power Microwave (HPM) testing: HPM Test Hazard Prediction (THP) Tool and the HPM Target Surrogate Material (TSM) database. This short course presents an introduction to both. Drawing from propagation codes such as RF-PROTEC and the EMPIRE Suite, THP provides the T&E community with critical tools and information to mitigate safety and hazard risks to personnel and electronics during open-air tests of HPM systems. THP’s essential functions include:

  1. Support safety and regulatory compliance by calculating and displaying hazard boundaries
  2. Prepare frequency clearance applications in Standard Frequency Action Format (SFAF)
  3. Aid in identifying potential harmful effects to non-test site electronics
  4. Display specific locations or boundaries with specified field levels
In this portion of the short course, students will see the code in action while instructors discuss: Modeling the Physical Scene, Specifying Scenario Input Parameters, Understanding & Selecting Propagation Models, Graphical Visualization and Output Products, Hazard Thresholds and Hazard Zones, Standard Frequency Action Format, Basic Weather and Atmosphere Models, transferring environmental data to THP, Loading and Using HPM Electric Field Sensor Data in THP. The TSM database is a browser based repository of information on hazardous materials as well as surrogates that can be substituted for these hazardous materials during HPM testing. The purpose of the tool is to provide the HPM T&E community with access to a database that contains information on hazardous materials, how to handle those materials during test, and commonly available materials that can be substituted for the hazardous materials. The TSM database’s essential functions are to:
  1. Access to the electromagnetic properties of hazardous materials
  2. Suggestions for safe substitutes for those materials, to include electromagnetic properties
  3. Test Range unique restrictions on hazardous materials
  4. Hazardous material handling instructions, including cleanup procedures
In this portion of the short course, students will see TSM in action while instructors discuss: Finding the electromagnetic properties of a hazardous material; Finding a surrogate for the hazardous material; Making plots of material properties as a function of temperature and frequency; Entering new materials into the database; Extracting the original sources of the electromagnetic data.

DEMER: The Directed Energy Models and Effects Repository’s (DEMER) was created to aid and encourage the distribution of and collaboration on directed energy (DE) modeling and simulation (M&S) tools and effects data throughout the wider DE community. An appropriate collaborative environment was established to provide for community wide discovery of DE tools and effects data which balances security with utility. The distribution format ensures owners and creators the freedom of development for, and confidence in the ownership of, their products. To reach this end, DEMER’s overarching philosophy will be “Local Management, Enterprise Discovery”. DEMER is a secure web-based card catalog of meta-data files describing the current M&S capabilities and effects testing efforts. Using a meta-data format favors autonomy for resource owners by only describing pertinent details of their products, without surrendering control to a centralized database. The repository also provides the capability for members and agencies to catalog and organize their M&S and effects testing products internally, only sharing with the wider community those products they deem appropriate. In this portion of the short course, students will be given a walk-through tutorial on how to register and use the DEMER database.

HPM PULSE: The High Power Microwave Procedures Leading to Standardized Effects (HPM PULSE) is a guidebook designed to standardize HPM effects testing and is meant to be used by both experienced and novice effects test personnel. It provides best practices and useful information on common aspects of HPM effects testing. The information included in HPM PULSE will aid personnel with test design and setup, as well as provide various quick reference charts, formulas, and other background information for use during the test execution. During this portion of the short course, students will receive an overview of the HPM PULSE guidebook to better understand how it can be used to aid in conducting HPM effects tests.

Intended Audience: The intended users of these HPM tools are test planners, spectrum managers, range safety personnel, test technicians or engineers, and environmental personnel involved in HPM testing.

Instructor Biographies: Dr. J. Mark DelGrande, Chief Technology Officer, Verus Research. Dr. DelGrande supports diverse scientific and engineering programs across numerous technology areas, including directed energy, nuclear, and advanced modeling and simulation, developing strategies to align technology and customer goals. From 2010 to 2015, Mark was Chief Scientist and later Director of the Scientific Division of TechFlow, Inc., establishing the company’s first s cientific research and development business area. Before joining TechFlow, Mark was a Senior Scientist at Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), developing novel directed energy weapon systems and guiding Defense Department directed energy test and evaluation investment strategies. There, he won Corporate Achievement Awards for Excellence in Science and Technology and Program Performance. Prior to his commercial career, Mark served for 20 years in the U.S. Air Force where he led research efforts at the Air Force Weapons Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, United States Air Force Academy, and Los Alamos National Laboratory. He retired as a lieutenant colonel in 2005 after serving as Chief of the HPM Models and Effects Branch at the Air Force Research Laboratory. In this role, he was awarded the prestigious Air Force Outstanding Scientist Award.

Grady L. Patterson, IV, Technical Director, Verus Research Mr. Patterson leads diverse programs spanning multiple technical areas associated with HPM system development and effects testing. Grady currently leads efforts to standardize the HPM effects testing methodology across the DoD, developing a web-based directed energy metadata database, and creating a novel tool to measure the recuperation time of computer networks. From 2011 to 2015, Grady was a senior engineer and later director of the Scientific Division of TechFlow, Inc. In these roles, he was responsible for management of various HPM effects testing efforts on digital electronics and small marine engines. Before joining TechFlow, Grady was the program manager for the HPM modeling and simulation team at SAIC. There, he oversaw HPM modeling from source design to mission-level analysis. He also planned and executed HPM system validation and effects tests for multiple programs. Prior to joining industry, Grady served four years in the Air Force as a Research Physicist with the Air Force Research Laboratory HPM Division, culminating in his role as division Test Director. He holds two patents for electromagnetic power density and field characterization techniques.

Course 6.  Modeling and Simulation Verification, Validation and Accreditation

Classification: Unclassified, Limited Distribution D

    -  Pat Cannon, AEgis Technologies
    -  Doug Michel, AEgis Technologies

Day/Time: Half-day course, runs 1300-1700

CEUs awarded: 0.35

Course Description:This practical Verification, Validation, and Accreditation (VV&A) course addresses many of the questions that arise when M&S is used in critical applications. Attendees will gain the knowledge necessary to ensure your M&S data are accurate. The goal of this course is to prepare you to make an informed and independent judgment about the credibility of models and simulations being used in the program or project of interest to you. You'll also gain a working knowledge of the activities required to certify a simulation as credible for a specific application. Other important subject matter includes the following:

  • The M&S VV&A process and its relationship to various M&S applications
  • Fundamentals and techniques for performing M&S VV&A and guidance to help the attendee determine which techniques are most useful for certain application types
  • The accreditation process and the work that must be accomplished to reach a sound decision about the suitability of M&S for particular applications
  • Planning for and implementing the accreditation process and how to integrate V&V into the process
  • Validation planning and reporting

The course consists of presentations on VV&A fundamentals and real-world examples followed by discussions led by an experienced VV&A practitioner, encouraging communications between the student and the instructor. Participants will receive individual guidance relating to their particular areas of interest.

Intended Audience:

  • Users and developers of Models and Simulations,
  • Decision makers, program managers, and technical staff members of a program that utilize M&S support,
  • Anyone whose career will be enhanced by understanding M&S credibility or the VV&A process in general.

Instructor Biographies: In his capacity as Vice President, Western Operations, Mr. Pat Cannon, P.E., CMSP is charged with overseeing all AEgis activities in the Western United States. The Region’s focus is on Directed Energy, Test and Evaluation, Missile Defense, Space, and Simulation-enhanced Training with customers in New Mexico, Colorado, Alabama, Florida, and DC. He is Past President of the Roadrunner Chapter of the International Test and Evaluation Association as former member of the Association’s Board. Mr. Cannon has been Co-Chair of the Directed Energy Test and Evaluation Conference jointly sponsored by ITEA and the Directed Energy Professional Society for the past 15 years and has held leadership positions in the Military Operations Research Society and the Simulation Interoperability Standards Organization. His 39 years of experience include over 25 years of the application of M&S to analysis, T&E, and weapon system development.

Mr. Doug Michel, PMP, CMSP, CSDP, is a software engineer and project manager with over 25 years’ experience in various software and computer-related areas including software engineering, simulation systems engineering, requirements analysis, data modeling, and VV&A. He is a Project Management Institute (PMI) Project Management Professional (PMP), an IEEE Computer Society Certified Software Development Professional (CSDP) and a Certified Modeling and Simulation Professional (CMSP). He Fully understand software development life-cycle and Agile Development principles and practices and has performed V&V of directed energy tools to include Joint Radio frequency Effects Model (JREM), High Energy Laser Consolidated Modeling Engagement Simulation (HELCoMES), and Scaling for HEL and Relay Engagement (SHaRE). Mr. Michel is currently working as software enterprise architect for the Satellite Assessment Center'

Course 7.  Tools for Transitioning Technology

Classification: Unclassified, Limited Distribution D

Instructor: Bill Decker, Defense Acquisition University

Duration: Half-day course, runs 1300-1700

CEUs awarded: 0.35

Course Description: The alternative routes for transitioning technology to a program of record will be presented and discussed thoroughly. There are two ways to transition technology, in a routine way, or in an extraordinary manner. Both will be discussed along with the advantages and disadvantages of each approach. For the routine transition of technology, several tools have been developed that have proven successful in promoting the smooth transition of technology, while simultaneously providing the program executive officers and the science and technology organization leaders information that can assist in the prioritization and resource allocation for science and technology projects. Topics include:

  • Where do you start?
    • How much time do you have until the technology is at TRL 6?
    • How to assess the TRL accurately (TRL calculator)
  • We are short on time - where are the resources
    • JCTDs, TTI, Title III and other sources of help
  • We planned ahead and want a smooth transition
Tools that can facilitate a smooth transition (and have worked elsewhere)
  • Technology Assessment and Transition Management (TATM)
  • Technology Program Management Model (TPMM)
  • T2 (Technology Transition)
  • Other tools

Intended Audience: Program managers, industry and government leaders, scientists and engineers committed to having our Warfighters benefit from DE technology.

Instructor Biography: Mr. Decker is currently the Director, Technology Transition Learning Center of Excellence, Defense Acquisition University and concurrently is a Professor of Engineering Management. His experience includes over 35 years in electro-optics with ten years experience in high energy laser systems, including THEL, ABL, ATL, HELLADS and HELTD, all while employed by Brashear (a division of L-3 Communications) in Pittsburgh, PA. Mr. Decker holds a MS in Physics from the Naval Postgraduate School and a BS in Engineering from Cornell University. He currently consults for Heraeus Quartzglass America in addition to his DAU efforts.

Course 8.  Wargaming Course Cancelled




CEUs awarded:

Course Description:

Intended Audience:

Instructor Biography:

Course Fees


  Single Half-Day Two Half-Day
   Full-time students $0 $0
   Others $250 $450


To register for a short course separate from the 2017 Systems Symposium, select one of the following options. If you plan to also register for the Systems Symposium, you may use the Systems Symposium registration form instead.

  • Complete this form to register on-line. Note that on-line registration does not require on-line payment.

    Some organizations have installed web filters that prevent on-line registration from inside their facilities. If this appears to be true for you, please try again off-site or use the registration option below.

  • Print this registration form (in PDF format) and follow the instructions provided.

Persons requesting cancellation through 28 August will receive a full refund. Cancellations after 28 August are subject to a $100 cancellation fee. There will be no refunds after 22 September.

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Last updated: 13 September 2017