Fourth Annual Directed Energy Symposium
29 October - 1 November 2001 Huntsville, Alabama

Directed Energy for the 21st Century
New National Defense Policy: Implications for Technology

In Cooperation with the
Office of the Secretary of Defense
US Army    US Air Force    US Navy    US Marine Corps

The 4th Annual Directed Energy (DE) Symposium, held in Huntsville, Alabama brought together Government, Industry, and Academia for discussions of basic research and technology efforts, current programs, and the future of directed energy for national security purposes. The Symposium provided forums for the interchange of scientific and technical information in the fields of High Energy Lasers (HELs), High Power Microwaves (HPMs), and HEL active sensing. The Symposium had sessions that were classified SECRET and unclassified PUBLIC DOMAIN. The Huntsville Marriott was the Symposium hotel. Classified sessions were held at Camber and CSC facilities in Huntsville.

Best Paper Awards

Gerald Wilson, MTHEL Program Manager in SMDC, won the Best Paper award for his presentation at the 2001 Annual DE Symposium. The Best Student Paper award was won by Wesley Walker of the University of Alabama, Huntsville. Both of these awards included a $500 prize, funded by Brashear LP, a DEPS sponsor. These awards were based on technical quality, presentation, and importance to the future of Directed Energy, as judged by a technical panel of experts selected by DEPS as part of the Symposium Organizing Committee. The recipient of the Student Best Paper award must be a current university or college student.

Program Agenda

Monday, 29 October 2001
0700 - 2000 On-site Registration
0800 - 1700 Short Courses
      • "Lasers and Laser Optics" Dr. Robert Hengehold (AFIT)
        This course covers the basic concepts of lasers and laser systems for personnel with a BS in science/engineering, but with little laser background. It examines the physics of the laser medium, optics, beam propagation, and selected DOD laser systems. Although a BS (science/engineering) is assumed, technicians and others working in the laser field will be able to gain much conceptual knowledge from this course.

      • "Beam Control System Design" Dr. Charles Albers (MEVATEC Corporation)
        This class presents the basics of high energy laser (HEL) beam control/ATP design beginning with system requirements and their impact on system architecture, to details of beam control system performance. Topics include system requirements, interfaces with the HEL and surveillance/acquisition sensor, aim point selection and maintenance, beam transfer including aperture sharing elements and solid windows, geometric theory of tracking algorithms, active and passive fine tracking, beam maintenance, interaction between tracking and pointing, and mass/size estimation. The course emphasizes the understanding of the beam control system as an interrelated whole and provided equations and data.

      • "High Power Laser Beam Control Progress, From Then to Now" Dr. Kenneth W. Billman (LMSC) and Airborne Laser SPO Staff
        The state-of-art Airborne Laser beam control design is made possible by the many important technical advances that were made following the fielding the earlier Airborne Laser Laboratory. In particular, in each beam control system area, it is shown how such advances were incorporated to provide a militarily robust system. This four-hour course examines the key elements of any HEL beam control system.

      • "NASA Advanced Optics Technologies" Dr. Scott Smith (NASA/MSFC)
        This four-hour short course reviews the basics of large space-based mirrors and telescope architecture considerations. The current status of the Advanced Mirror System Demonstrator (AMSD) mirrors are discussed along with program risk factors. The AMSD program is sponsored by both NASA and the DoD. Recent progress on two other NASA projects, the Sub-Scale Beryllium Mirror Demonstrator and the Next Generation Space Telescope Mirror System Demonstrator are discussed. NASA facilities for the evaluation of space-based mirror technologies are discussed, along with their capabilities. Finally, the future of ultra lightweight mirrors are considered in terms of present roadmaps for membrane optics.

      • "HP Microwave Systems" Dr. Bill Bailey and Dr. David Weeks (AFIT)
        A modular approach to the design and characterization of a high power microwave weapon system is presented in this eight-hour course. The objective is to provide an understanding of the system components and the attributes of the weapon system. Attendees should have an educational background in science or engineering at the B.S. level. The weapon system is viewed as consisting of five modules: prime power and power conditioning equipment, a microwave source, structures to couple the source to the propagation media, the propagation media, and the target. The physical principles governing a module, module characteristics, and the influence and constraints of each module on total system requirements and effectiveness are discussed.

      • "Fundamentals of Laser Lethality Analysis" Dr. Chuck Lamar and Others (USASMDC)
        This course covers the fundamentals of laser interaction with materials for both continuous wave and pulsed lasers. Interactions include thermal, structural, and ablative effects. The course examines the fundamental issues that are relevant to the measurement of the phenomenology in laser lethality testing. Effects on sensors are also considered.

Tuesday, 30 October 2001
0800 - 1715 Session 1: Directed Energy Vision
Chair: Dr Randy Buff, USASMDC
      • Symposium Welcome and Introduction
        Mr. Jess Granone, Director, Space & Missile Defense Technical Center, USASMDC
      • Symposium Overview and DEPS Welcome
        MGen (Ret) Don Lamberson,DEPS President
      • Defense Technology Perspective
        Dr. Alan Shaffer, Director, Plans and Director, Plans and Programs, DDR&E
      • DARPA Perspective
        Dr. Anthony Tether, Director, DARPA
      • DoD/JTO Perspective
        Mr. Ed Pogue, Director, HEL Joint Technology Office, OSD
      • BMDO Perspective
        MGen Willie Nance, Jr., Program Executive Officer, Ballistic Missile Defense Systems, BMDO
      • Army Perspective
        LTG Joseph Cosumano, Jr., Commanding General, USASMDC
      • US Navy Perspective
        Vice Admiral George Nanos, Jr., Commander, U.S. Naval Sea Systems Command
      • USMC Perspective
        Major Franz Gayl, HQ, USMC
      • SAF Perspective
        Col Norman Weinberg, Chief, Future Concepts Division, Directorate for Startegic Planning, HQ, USAF
      • Industry Perspective Panel
        Moderator: Mr. Bill Elliott, Vice President, Directed Energy & Optical Systems, MEVATEC Corp.
        • Dr. Thomas Romesser, Vice President & General Manager, Space & Technology Division, TRW Space & Electronics
        • Mr. Tom McDonald, Vice President, Laser & Electro Optical Systems, Space & Communications Group, The Boeing Co.
        • Mr. Samuel Williams, Chief Scientist, Space Based Laser Programs, Lockheed Martin Missiles & Space
        • Mr. Mike Booen, Vice President of Directed Energy Weapons, Product Line of Missile Systems, Raytheon Corp.
        • Panel Discussion: Mr. Elliott and Panel Members
      • Mobile Tactical High Energy Laser (MTHEL) Program
        Mr. Gerald Wilson, Program Manager, MTHEL, USASMDC
      • Solid State Heat Capacity Laser (SSHCL)
        Dr. Randy Buff, Program Manager SSHCL, USASMDC
      • Airborne Laser (ABL) Program
        Col Ellen Pawlikowski, Director, ABL SPO
      • Space Based Laser (SBL) Program
        Col Ivette Falto-Heck, Director, SBL SPO
      • Closing Remarks
        Mr. Jess Granone, USASMDC
1830 Reception
U.S. Space and Rocket Center

Wednesday, 31 October 2001
Choice of Public Domain or Classified Sessions
0800 - 1130 Session 2: DOE Laboratory Programs
Chair: Dr. Mike Lavan, Associate Director, Missile Defense, USASMDC
      • Introduction to DOE Session
        Dr. Mike Lavan, USASMDC
      • Free Electron Laser Research at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)
        Dr. Dinh Nguyen (LANL)
      • Broadband Millimeter Wave Technology Development
        Dr. Laurance Warner & Dr. Bruce Carlsten (LANL)
      • The National Ignition Facility & High Energy Laser Interactions
        Dr. Loyd Hackel, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)
      • High Average Power Heat Capacity Solid State Lasers Development
        Dr. C. Brent Dane, LLNL
      • The Free Electron Laser Scaleup Program
        Dr. Michelle Shinn & Dr. George Neil, Thomas Jefferson national Accelerator Facility
      • A Superconducting RF Injector for HighPower Free Electron Lasers
        Dr. Alan Todd & Dr. H. Bluem, Advanced Energy Systems; Dr. George Neil, Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility
1300 - 1630 Session 3a: DE (Lasers) Technologies
Chair: Mr. Richard Bradshaw, Director, DE PM Office, USASMDC
      • Introduction and Overview
        Mr. Bradshaw
      • Propagation of an Intense Ultra-Short Pulsed Laser Beam Through the Atmosphere - X-Ray Stinger Concept
        Dr. Charles Rhodes, Drs. Borisov and Boyer, University of Illinois at Chicago; Dr. John Davis, NRL
      • High Energy Laser Damage to Graphite Epoxy Aerospace Structures
        Dr. William Laughlin, Physical Sciences, Inc.
      • Modeling and Simulation Analysis Tools for Directed Energy Weapons
        Dr. Hartmut Legner, Physical Sciences, Inc.
      • Radiatively Cooled Laser Systems
        Mr. Steven Bowman, et al, NRL
      • Theory and Experiments in Parallel Flow Mist Cooling
        Dr. C.B. Baxi, et al, General Atomics
      • Thermal Analysis of the Surface High Energy Laser
        Mr. Wesley Walker, et al, University of Alabama in Huntsville (Student Presentation)
      • Surface High Energy Lasers
        Dr. Richard Fork, et al, University of Alabama in Huntsville
      • Enhanced Laser Neutralization of Landmines and UXOs in Main Supply Route, Wide Area, and Active Range Clearance Missions Using GPS Targeting
        Dr. Owen Hofer, et al, SPARTA, Inc.
      • A Laser Probe for Atmospheric Turbulence
        Drs. G.G. Gimmestad and D.W. Roberts, Georgia Institute of Technology
      • Optical Design of Solar Pumped High Energy Laser
        Mr. Spencer Cole, et al, University of Alabama in Huntsville (Student Presentation)
      • New Approach to Robust Optics for HEL Systems
        Dr. C.M. Stickley, et al, University of Central Florida
      • Use of Large Adaptive Optic Mirrors in Ship Defense
        Dr. H.E. Bennett, et al, Bennett Optical Research, Inc.
0730 - 1130 Session 4: Threats and Foreign Systems    (CLASSIFIED)
      • Introduction and Overview
      • Foreign HPM Programs and Technologies
        National Ground Intelligence Center, National Air Intelligence Center
      • Laser Weapon Program Overview
        Defense Intelligence Agency/Missile and Space Intelligence Center, National Ground Intelligence Center
      • Long Range Ballistic Missile Threat Perspective
        National Air Intelligence Center
      • Future Space Systems
        National Air Intelligence Center
      • Cruise Missile/UAV Program Status
        National Air Intelligence Center
      • Ground Threat System
        National Ground Intelligence Center
      • Short Range Ballistic Missile Trends
        Defense Intelligence Agency/Missile and Space Intelligence Center
1300 - 1730 Session 5: Program Updates    (CLASSIFIED)
      • JTO Programs, Overview
      • Arms Control Issues Associated with DE Weaponization
      • Airborne Laser (ABL) Program
      • Space Based Laser (SBL) Program
      • ATL Program
      • THEL/MTHEL Program
      • EAADS
      • Discussion and Wrap-up
1800 - 2100 Reception and Annual DEPS Banquet
Marriott Hotel

Thursday, 1 November 2001
Choice of two Classified Sessions
0800 - 1200 Session 3b: DE (Lasers) Technologies (Continued)    (CLASSIFIED)
      • Introduction and Overview
      • Army Laser Space Control Activities
      • Laser Deconfliction - DoD Approach for Safe Laser Operations
      • Decentralized Predictive Avoidance for the THEL
      • Large Aperture Disk Laser for DEW Applications
      • Jitter Control for the Airborne Laser Program
      • EC COIL Missions and Capabilities
      • Non-Interference High Energy Laser Target Instrumentation Information
      • THEL Mission Performance and Model Validation
      • Decentralized Predictive Avoidance for the THEL
      • Key Technology Demonstrations for the THEL Laser Subsystems
      • THEL Pointer Tracker Integration and Performance
      • Progrerss Toward a Zero Thermal Lensing Oxyfluride Glass HEL Window
1300 - 1700 Session 3c: DE (HPM) Technologies    (CLASSIFIED)
      • Introduction
      • Research and Development in Ultra-Wideband Sources and Antennas
      • Wideband Target Identification
      • Compact explosive Driven Ferromagnetic and Ferroelectric Generators
      • RF Munitions - 25mm Diameter, MCG
      • An Ultra-Wideband Antenna Built Into a Parachute
      • Development of a Handbook that Describes the Objectives and Results of U.S. and Foreign HPM Effects Investigations
      • RF Susceptibility Assessments of Industrial Control Systems
      • RF Live Fire Test of Telephone-Switching and E-Ray Baggage-Screen Technologies
      • Investigation of a Potential HPM Susceptibility of Civilian Infrastructure Systems
      • Wrap-Up and Discussion
0800 - 1200 Session 6: Military Utility/War Games    (CLASSIFIED)
      • Introduction
      • Assessing Directed Energy Weapons with the Joint Conflict and Tactical Simulation (JCATS)
      • Study on the Effectiveness of a High Energy Laser in Combination with Missiles for Ship Self Defense
      • Army DE Military Utility Analysis
      • Airborne Laser EAGLE
      • Solid State High Energy Lasers for Army Land Combat Applications
      • System Design of a Demonstration 100kW Solid State Heat Capacity Laser Mounted on General Atomics A Hybrid Electric HMMWV
      • Summary and Closing Remarks
1300 - 1700 Session 7: Test & Evaluation, Survivability and Lethality    (CLASSIFIED)
      • Introduction and Overview
      • High Energy Laser Systems Test Facility (HELSTF)
      • Overview of the Airborne Laser Live Fire Test & Evaluation Lethality Program
      • Navy Effects, Vulnerability and Lethality Programs
      • High Power Testing of Passive Electronic Components
      • Airborne Laser Testing Programs
      • USAF High Energy Laser Safety Program
      • Laser Range Safety Tool (LRST) for Target Reflection Analysis
      • AFOTEC DE Long Range Plan

Symposium Organizing Committee

Chair Dr. Randy Buff
USASMDC, Directed Energy PMO
Co-Chair Mr. William Elliott
MEVATEC Corporation
Operations Ms. Birtha Otey
USASMDC, Directed Energy PMO
Mr. Dick Snow
Program Committee
Chair Mr. Bob McMillan
Co-Chair Mr. Bruce Garnett
MEVATEC Corporation
Short Courses Committee
Chair Dr. Charles Wyman
MEVATEC Corporation
Co-Chair Mr. Carl Wellstein
Other Support
Exhibits & Poster Sessions Mr. Jay Willis
MEVATEC Corporation
Reception, Banquet, and Meals Ms. Charlene Milliken
MEVATEC Corporation
Protocol Ms. Joy Ganus
USASMDC, Public Affairs
Security Ms. Birtha Otey
USASMDC, Directed Energy PMO
Publicity Mr. Scott Piro
Souvenirs Mr. Stan Souvenir
Finance Mr. Bill Elliott
MEVATEC Corporation
AV / IT Equipment Mr. Mike Beutjer
MEVATEC Corporation
Support Contractor Ms. Jeanne Weaver
Sigma Services, Inc

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Last updated: 20 November 2006